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Premarital Sex in America -- How Young Americans Meet, Mate, and Think about Marrying
by Mark Regnerus, Ph.D., and Jeremy Uecker, Ph.D. © 2011.
(Oxford University Press: New York, NY) All rights reserved. [295 pages]
[Answer 25 of 35 questions correctly to receive 14 hours of Continuing Education credit]

Chapter One: Introduction (p. 1-13)
1. This book is about the heterosexual decisions and relationships of unmarried Americans between the ages of 18 and 23, of which ___ have already had sex.
a. 41%
b. 52%
c. 73%
d. 84%

Chapter Two: The Partnerships and Practices of Emerging Adults (p. 14-50)
2. About 16% of young adults from age 18 to 23 have not had vaginal intercourse. Which of the following is the PRIMARY reason, more than the other reasons, why young adults maintain their virginity into their 20s?
a. religiosity
b. college graduate
c. not prone to getting drunk
d. not popular

3. Even though virginity continues to receive bad press in public discourse, ____ of Americans think they were too young to have lost their virginity when they did. They thought they were too young to appreciate the emotional significance of what they had done.
a. 28%
b. 47%
c. 59%
d. 70%

4. Which is NOT true?
a. Unattractive women are more inclined to be virgins.
b. Serial monogamy is the primary script among emerging adults today, where each partner is allowed to have sex only with one another. A violation of this behavior allows the other to terminate the relationship.
c. Men always report having more sexual partners than women report having.
d. Very few Americans identify themselves as promiscuous, even if they have had many sexual partners.

5. Of the following, who is LEAST LIKELY to have had more than five sexual partners in their lifetime?
a. White men who are popular, like risks, drink regularly, and attend church regularly.
b. African American men, in college, with married parents.
c. Hispanic women who are in college or graduated, have married parents, are Catholic, and attend Mass some.
d. White men who are evangelical, politically conservative, in college or graduated, and churchgoing.

6. Which is NOT true?
a. Religious people do not primarily engage in oral sex
.
b. By emerging adulthood, vaginal sex has become the preferred method of sex for most.
c. Many religious young Americans are selectively permissive. They believe the moral rule of no sex outside of marriage is right and good, but does not apply to them at the present because of a desire to please their boyfriend or girlfriend.
d. Women almost never ask for oral sex, and few women report enjoying it.

7. Which is NOT true about sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?
a. In 2008, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that 1 in every 4 teen girls in America have at least one sexually transmitted infection (STI).
b. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is entirely curable.
c. One in four American women and one in eight men have Herpes.
d. Condoms would be much more effective if people used them correctly. Correct use is putting it on early, on the first try, before contact with any seminal or vaginal fluid.

8. Which group uses contraceptives the most?
a. Those who did not go to college.
b. Those who enrolled in a two-year college.
c. Those who enrolled in a four-year college.
d. Those who graduated from college with a bachelor degree or higher.


Chapter Three: Inside Sexual Relationships (p. 51-100)
9. In their research, Baumeister and Vohs claim that the sexual activity of women has exchange value, whereas men's sexual activity does not. What do they mean by "exchange value"?
a. It means that most women experience very little emotional pleasure during sexual activity.
b. It means that most men experience nothing more than physical pleasure during sexual activity. They rarely feel respected or desired by their partners during sex.
c. It means that for most women, sex is about acquiring valued "resources" at least as much as it is about seeking physical pleasure, resources such as love, attention, status, self-esteem, affection, commitment, and feelings of emotional union.
d. It means that men and women often have to bargain with one another to engage in sex, offering the other some reward for doing so.

10. Which is NOT true?
a. Sex begins in a relationship when the woman decides it does.
b. The price of sex among most unmarried young adults in America is very low indeed. 36% of young men and 22% of young women become sexual with each other in the first 2 weeks. 70% of men and 61% of women become sexual with each other within the first 6 months.
c. Twenty-two year old men who have fewer resources to offer a potential wife (i.e. men who never enrolled in college, or dropped out, or are not employed full time) have more lifetime sexual partners than male college graduates. This shows that the economic resources that men offer are of decreasing value to women.
d. In American culture, the sexual choices of women are tolerated more than the sexual choices of men.

11. One reason why emerging adults have numerous failed relationships is because of sex, especially when it occurs early in a relationship. Why is this?
a. Because sex is usually enjoyed more by the man rather than the woman.
b. Because early sex results in an awkward intimacy before either knows what the other thinks about school, work, politics, religion, family, or future plans
.
c. Because both experience an underlying guilt about having sex too early.
d. Because once a couple has sex, the thrill of anticipation is gone and boredom can set in.

12. 35% of people who wait more than six months to have sex are still in those relationships after one year (page 82). From this finding, we can conclude that
a. having sex outside marriage is good for a relationship.
b. having sex outside marriage is bad for a relationship
c. A large percentage of people who wait six months to have sex are no longer in those relationships after one year (65%).
d. None of the above.

13. Which is NOT true?
a. More men than women ask for particular sex acts from their partners that their partners would rather not fulfill.
b. In American culture, men's magazines like Maxim make unsubstantiated and incorrect assumptions that women want to engage in unorthodox sexual positions as much as men do.
c. Most women refuse unwanted sexual requests, even when pressured by their partners.
d. An emerging adult who drinks alcohol almost every day or 3 to 5 times a week is more likely have sex on the first day they meet someone than an emerging adult who never drinks or drinks infrequently.

14. Prolonged exposure to erotica leads both teens and adults to
a. overestimate the popularity and pleasure of less common forms of sexual behavior.
b. believe that sexual inactivity is actually bad for one's health.
c. hold cynical attitudes about love, affection, and marriage and family.
d. All of the above


15. In a study of 813 emerging adults from age 18 to 26, undergraduate and graduate college students, ____ of men interact with porn weekly, while ____ of women do the same.
a. over 50%; 25%
b. over 50%; 15%
c. just under 50%; 9%
d. just under 50%; 3%

Chapter Four: The College Campus (p. 101-134)
16. From the 2000 College Women's Study (CWS) which surveyed 1,000 women from over 200 four-year, co-ed college campuses, ____ said they agree or strongly agree with this statement:
“Sexual intercourse without commitment is wrong.”
[Table 4.2]
a. 66%
b. 49%
c. 19%
d    4%

17. Of this same group of women, ____ agreed or strongly agreed with this statement:
“I should not judge anyone's sexual conduct except my own.”
As a result, sexual choices have become almost entirely privatized, subject to little oversight outside one's self.
a. 96%
b. 83%
c. 60%
d. 49%

18. Which is TRUE about women on campuses where there are more women than men?
a. They express more negative appraisals of men on campus and hold more negative views of relationships.
b. They go on fewer dates.
c. They have a lower likelihood of having a boyfriend.
d. All of the above.

19. On college campuses today, about 43% of students are men. Where a greater number of women have to compete for a lesser number of men,
a. the women win because it makes it easier to identify a good man.
b. both men and women win because it promotes more long-term relationships.
c. the men win because the price of sex goes down.

20. Women's magazines, like Cosmopolitan and Glamour, primarily sell ___.
a. nutrition
b. sex
c. fashion
d. fitness

21. Facebook encourages __________. Millions of pages and billions of photographs of the same sort of thing – Terrance with his arms around his pals; Brittany flirting at a party; Danny chugging beer lying on a sun-washed boat with friends – reinforce the idea that emerging-adult life is primarily about fun, flirting, partying, and delaying aging, work, relationship challenges, and responsibility.
a. the creation of mythical people.
b. sexualized conversation and inuendo.
c. manipulating other people's perceptions of you.
d. All of the above.

Chapter Five: No Strings Attached? Sex and Emotional Health (p. 135-168)
22. Which is TRUE about women who have had 11 or more lifetime sex partners than women who have had 0-5 lifetime sex partners?
a. A greater percentage cry every day or almost every day.
b. A smaller percentage is satisfied with their lives.
c. A greater percentage is diagnosed with depression.
d. All of the above.

23. On average, women do not want TO HAVE SEX WITH a man. They want to BE MADE LOVE TO. This is because
a. “to have sex with” implies a less personal experience.
b. “to have sex with” emphasizes sex techniques over feelings toward one another.
c. “being made love to” puts the focus on the partner.
d. “being made love to” implies a secure relationship and puts the focus on the benefit of the act
.

24. Which is NOT true?
a. Women's emotional health is better when they are sustaining a relationship that when they are cycling in and out of relationship.
b. Women who are in a relationship have better emotional health than women who were in a relationship.
c. Having sex early in a relationship increases the likelihood of developing a romantic relationship with that person.
d. Masturbation is not a fitting replacement for intercourse. Prolactin, a hormone that serves to diminish arousal and thus provide sexual satiety, is released following intercourse at a rate five times greater than following masturbation.

25. David Buss, an evolutionary psychologist at the University of Texas, believes that men pursue casual sex encounters because
a. they can.
b. women want them to be the initiators of sex in order to reduce fear of rejection.
c. they believe this will lead to romance or a long-term relationship.
d. this helps them to more successfully select a marriage partner.

Chapter Six: Marriage in the Minds of Emerging Adults (p. 169-204)
26. 93-96% of emerging adults say they want to get married some day. Why is it, then, that most sexual relationships among emerging adults neither begin with marital intentions nor end in marriage? They just end. Why is that?
a. Because people get tired of having conflict and move on to someone else they hope to have less conflict with.
b. Many emerging adults don't know how to get or stay married to the kind of person they would like to find.
c. Married couples are taxed far more than singles, so they delay marriage as long as possible.
d. Because of the increasing numbers of poor and failed marriages, many no longer believe that marriage is the optimum environment for raising children.

27. Which is TRUE?
a. Of the religious, Evangelical Protestants and Mormons are
the most likely to marry before age 24, while Catholics and Jews are most likely to marry later.
b. Young men and women who have one or both parents with a college degree are
less likely to marry before the age of 24 than those whose parents have no college degree.
c. For young men and women, if their parents married at a young age, they will also marry at a young age.
d. All of the above
.

28. People who report the greatest martial satisfaction get married at what age?
a. Women who marry after age 27; men who marry after age 25.
b. Women who marry before age 27; men who marry before age 25.
c. Both men and women who marry after age 25.
d. Women who marry between ages 20-27; men who marry between ages 23-27.

29. Which of the following is NOT a stated reason why emerging adults are waiting until their late 20s or early 30s to get married?
a. Until after I finish my schooling and have a steady job.
b. Until after I find out who I am.
c. I don't want to get married until after I finish my service in the military.
d. Because I don't want to have children right now.
e. Because I would like to travel.
 f. Because my parents would prefer I wait until I am fiscally independent.
g. Until I find a partner that has the right sexual chemistry.
h. I don't have a lot of confidence in the institution of marriage because there are so many bad marriages.

30. Which is NOT true about cohabitation?
a. Between 50% and 70% of couples today cohabit before marrying.
b. Most cohabitations lead to marriage.
c. People cohabit primarily to reduce uncertainty about a lifetime prospect and to reduce their chance of being divorced.
d. When a cohabitation breaks up, the woman is usually the most damaged party.


Chapter Seven: Red Sex, Blue Sex -- Relationship Norms in a Divided America (P. 205-235)
31. Which is a real difference between red sex (conservatives) and blue sex (liberals)?
a. Blues like sex better than reds like sex.
b. Blue women who are college graduates cohabit far more (19%) than red women who graduated from college (1%
).
c. Red men use more birth control than blue men.
d. Reds marry in greater numbers than blues, and hold marriage in higher esteem than blues.

32. Which is TRUE about the sexual behavior of four-year college students or graduates who are both politically conservative and Christian, compared to modestly religious conservatives who are not pursuing college?
a. They have fewer sex partners.
b. They have less sex.
c. They have a larger percentage of virginity.
d. All of the above.

Chapter Eight: The Power of Stories and Ten Myths about Sex in Emerging Adulthood (p. 236-250)
33. Jane Brown, professor of journalism and an expert in mass media influences, asserts that the media
a. reinforces a narrow set of sexual norms.
b. rarely exposes us to responsible sexual actors.
c. limits access to alternative sexual scripts.
d. All of the above.


34. Which of the following is NOT true?
a. One-half of all marriage never end in divorce.
b. Deciding to have sex in a new or struggling relationship will increase its chance of failure.
c. In order for men's sexual behavior to become more constrained, the average price of sex must be raised, from less to more commitment.
d. It doesn't matter what other people so sexually, you make your own decisions.

35. Which of the following is NOT true?
a. Pornography, by satisfying some of the demand for intercourse, reduces the value of real sex, and it compartmentalizes sex as a consumer product to be regularly and briefly consumed.
b. People tend to overestimate how many sexual partners other people have.
c. Many emerging adults wait until they are financially stable, independent, and finished with their education before they marry.
d. Most cohabitation leads to marriage.