1. The DSM-5 includes "craving, or a strong desire to use a substance" as
a diagnostic criterion for substance-use disorders.
2. Which is NOT true about cravings?
a. In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association defined "craving" as "a
strong desire to consume a substance that makes it difficult to think of
b. There are medications that help to reduce cravings.
c. Science can now accurately measure a
person's cravings for alcohol.
3. The authors want to reduce the 22-item Alcohol Craving Experience
Questionnaire to fewer questions because
a. it is too repetitive and time-consuming for routine clinical use.
b. it did not correlate well with the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale
c. it did not correlate well with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification
d. it did not have high internal reliability.
4. Which of the following aspects of craving does the Alcohol
Craving Experience (ACE) Questionnaire NOT measure?
a. the intensity of the drive to drink (Intensity)
b. the presence of associated imagery (Imagery)
c. the intrusiveness of desire cognitions (Intrusion)
d. an individual's access to alcohol (Availability)
5. Consistent with neurobiological models of craving,
addictive substances are believed to recruit the same physiological
mechanisms that drive appetite behaviors required for survival.
6. Currently, the most widely used measure of alcohol craving
a. Alcohol Craving Experience Questionnaire (ACE).
b. Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS).
c. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).
7. The first 6 items of the Obsessions Subscale (of the
Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale)
are most consistent with the clinical definitions of craving, such as
"How much of your time when you're not drinking is occupied by ideas,
thoughts, impulses, or images related to drinking?" This scale has been
demonstrated to improve prediction of drinking behavior and likelihood of
8. Which was NOT one of the eleven questions on the
How often did these things happen over the
a. Did you want a drink?
b. Did you think about needing a drink?
c. Did you have a strong urge to drink?
d. Did you picture alcohol or drinking?
e. Did you imagine pouring a glass of your favorite drink?
f. Did you imagine what it would taste like?
g. Did you imagine what it would smell like?
h. Did you imagine what it would feel like in your mouth or throat?
i. Did you imagine how your body would feel if you had a drink?
j. When you thought about alcohol over the last week, how often were the
k. When you thought about alcohol over the last week, how often were you
trying not to think about alcohol?
l. Did you find it hard to think about anything else?
9. Which is NOT true about the Mini
Alcohol Craving Experience (MACE)?
a. It consists of seven (7) of the eleven (11) questions on the ACE
b. It maintains high constructive, predictive, concurrent, and convergent
c. It measures the frequency of past-week craving including intense urges,
imagery, and intrusiveness of craving-related cognitions.
d. It can be completed in less than 60 seconds.
10. In this study, higher scores on the MACE were predictive
of increased risk of relapse or dropout from treatment in the